HIV/AIDS Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior among Hepatitis C Patients who Inject Drugs

Community-based participatory research report “HIV/AIDS Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior among Hepatitis C Patients who Inject Drugs, Tbilisi, Georgia”

Georgia belongs to HIV / AIDS low prevalence countries. According to date of November 9, 2017, there are 6664 cases of HIV infection, including 533 new cases in 20171. In the Infectious Disease, AIDS and Clinical Immunology Scientific-Practical Center, 43,7% of registered cases are IDUs but yearly specific part of IDUs are decreases identified cases. It is assumed that, according to the HIV / AIDS epidemic scene, the estimated number of HIV infections in Georgia is more than 12,000.

In 2016, the estimated number of injection drug users in Georgia was 52,500 (50,000 – 56,000). National prevalence – 2,24% (2,13% – 2,39%), among people in age 18-64, and 1,41% (1,34% – 1,51%) in general population.

Since 2006 year Global Fund in Georgia implements HIV testing programs counseling and information campaigns among injecting drug users and their partners who have risky behavior, voluntary testing these groups, although the number of testing is still unsatisfactory, should also be mentioned that there is quite high number of late confirmed cases4 among the newly confirmed cases, which complicates the treatment process and contributes to the spread of HIV is not only between the risk groups, but the general population as well. It should be noted that ARV treatment is equally available to all HIV infections within the state program.

Read the report here.

The needs of women living with HIV/AIDS in the Kyrgyz Republic

Community-based participatory research report “The needs of women living with HIV/AIDS in the Kyrgyz Republic”

Women and girls with HIV infection are culturally, socially, biologically and economically more vulnerable than men. The lack of reliable statistics, misconceptions about HIV transmission routes, stigma and discrimination on the part of society lead to the fact that HIV-positive women face many problems.

For several years in the Kyrgyz Republic, there has been a trend towards increased sexual transmission of HIV. The most vulnerable groups, along with injecting drug users (IDU), are women. HIV infection affects a whole range of problems – psychological, social and spiritual. Women, living in the conditions of “traditional culture”, are in a more difficult situation; gender inequality, which exists in the initial ethno-cultural environment, strengthens their social and economic problems. Women in particular, whose HIV status creates obstacles for the realization of basic needs, are particularly vulnerable in this regard, and therefore it has a negative impact on their quality of life. At present, services for HIV positive people (HPP) in the Kyrgyz Republic are universal, not taking into account the gender, which often limits access to legal, social, psychological and medical support for women living with HIV (WLH).

Despite the urgency of the problem, in the Kyrgyz Republic there was no systematic study conducted to reveal the needs of WLH, identifying factors that affect the quality of their lives and the barriers to obtaining services.

Read the research here.