|Officially registered HIV cases||New HIV cases||Officially registered HIV/TB cases||Officially registered deaths because of AIDS||Estimated Hepatitis C cases||Officially registered cases of sexually transmitted diseases|
|9,406 (July 2017)||656 (July 2017)||1,373 (July 2017)||2,174 (July 2017)||2,050 (July 2017)||2,379 (2012)|
Level of poverty in Tajikistan
By 2017, significant work toward reduction of poverty has already been done in Tajikistan. Between 2000 and early 2015, poverty declined from 83% to approximately 31%. Tajikistan was included to the list of 10% of the world’s leading countries in terms of poverty reduction rates over the past 15 years.
However, the progress in reducing non-monetary poverty was less significant. According to the data of World Bank, the key factors contributing to non-material poverty are: limited access (or lack of access) to education (secondary and higher), heating and sanitation. The three services listed above are characterized by the most uneven distribution, with access to education varying depending on income level, and access to heating and sanitation from the place of residence.
Tajikistan pays special attention to issues related to ensuring the protection of women’s rights and establishment of gender equality in the country. The Government is developing and adopting measures aimed at improving the status of women and strengthening their social and economic role in society. Recently, National Strategy for Empowering the Role of Women in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2011-2020 has been adopted.
HIV situation in Tajikistan
The number of people living with HIV in Tajikistan is 71.6 people per 100,000 people, while in other countries this figure is per 100 people. In Tajikistan, HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs reaches 12.9%.
However, despite the high level of drug influence on HIV epidemic, the greatest concern is that the prevalent pathway of HIV transmission has been radically changed from injecting to sexual transmission. In Tajikistan, in 2010, the proportion of the sexual way of HIV transmission among newly detected cases was 25%, in 2016 it is 64.6%. This means that the HIV epidemic is beyond the reach of vulnerable groups. If earlier HIV infection occurred mainly among injecting drug users, and did not cause much concern among healthy citizens, then with the increase of the sexual way of HIV transmission, the infection more and more goes “to the masses”.
Finally, the factor of external migration becomes a critical factor for Tajikistan. On the other hand, migrants living in neighboring countries often do not have access to health care and HIV prevention tools; they do not have sufficient knowledge about methods of HIV infection and prevention. Wives of migrants, unfortunately, become extremely vulnerable to the actions of their husbands. According to the Tajik Center for AIDS Prevention and Control, in 2015, out of the total number of infected women surveyed, 50.4% noted that their sexual partners are labor migrants, and the wives of migrants themselves are classified as vulnerable groups. In addition, there is an increase in the number of HIV-positive people who were previously in labor migration. In 2011, 61 new cases of HIV infection were registered from this category of people, in 2016 – 672. It is also important to note that the increasing proportion of women’s infection leads to an increase in cases of vertical HIV transmission from mother to child, which ultimately only exacerbates the epidemiological the situation.