The pace of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Russia remains high, the number of deaths of HIV-infected people is increasing, and the outbreak of the epidemic from vulnerable groups to the general population is intensifying. According to the Federal Research and Methodological Centre for the Prevention and Control of AIDS, as at the end of September 2020, 1.53 million people diagnosed with HIV infection were registered in Russia.

The main route of HIV infection in the Russian Federation, as in other countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, is now heterosexual contact, which has replaced the intravenous route of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, thus increasing the spread of the disease among the general population and contributing to the generalisation of the epidemic process. There has been an annual increase in the number of people infected through sexual contact. In the first half of 2021, 67.3% of HIV-positive people diagnosed for the first time were infected through heterosexual contact. There has been a decrease in the proportion of people infected with HIV through drug use. Compared to the first half of 2020 (32.6%) there has been a 3.7% decrease (28.9% in January-June 2021). 2.9% of patients were infected through homosexual contact[6].

In Russia, in recent years, HIV has been diagnosed in older age groups than previously. While in the year 2000, 86.7% of HIV-infected persons were diagnosed between the ages of 15-29 years, in 2021, 85.9% were first diagnosed over the age of 30. In the first half of 2021, 71.0% of patients were diagnosed with HIV infection between the ages of 30 and 49. HIV infections among adolescents and young adults declined to 0.8% in 2021, compared to 2.2% of new infections in 2010[7].

Of all people living with HIV, most are male (62.5%). Of those newly diagnosed in the first half of 2021, men with HIV account for 59.7%. The proportion of women infected with HIV has steadily increased: between 1987 and 2011, 22% of all people infected were women. 22% of all infected people were women, by 2006 the number had doubled[8],[9]. Men aged 35-44 and women aged 35-39 are most affected by HIV[10].

AFEW Russia’s key competenties: 

  • Research and analytical activities on HIV prevention and related issues among key populations and health and safe behaviour among youths.
  • Supporting CBOs and NGOs on HIV prevention and organizational development, incl. M&E, interaction with government agencies and business structures.
  • Collaboration with other local NGOs in developing funding applications with major donors.
  • Supporting the Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM) for the Global Fund’s program in Russia.
  • Implementation of external evaluation and information support.

The address: 

Seleznevskaya street, 11A, build.2, office 2. Moscow 

Officially registered HIV cases
1 528 356 (June 2021)
New HIV cases
88 154 (Jan – Dec 2020)
Officially registered HIV/TB cases
28 901 (Dec 2019)
Registered Hepatitis C cases
0,66 each 100 000 people (Dec 2020)
Officially registered cases of sexually transmitted diseases
145 453 (Dec 2018-2019)