AFEW-Kyrgyzstan Started the Year with Rebranding

By changing the name “AIDS Foundation East-West in the Kyrgyz Republic” at the beginning of the year 2019, AFEW-Kyrgyzstan emphasized its involvement in the international AFEW Network. Another reason for changing the name and logo of the organisation is the expanding capabilities.

“Now we are working not only in the field of HIV and AIDS. We are implementing tuberculosis treatment projects, conducting large-scale researches, carrying out advocacy campaigns to protect the rights of people and for the economic empowerment of women. Therefore, the former name no longer fully reflects our goals and values,” says the Chair of the Board of AFEW-Kyrgyzstan Natalia Shumskaya.

The new logo has retained one of the key elements of the previous one – the human figure, because everything AFEW does is aimed at helping specific people. The figure also shows that AFEW-Kyrgyzstan works, involving people from the community, and for them.

Three blue and one red objects around the white pattern represent different countries since AFEW-Kyrgyzstan is a part of an international network and is ready to use the experience of foreign partners to build a healthy future in the country.

In an updated form, AFEW-Kyrgyzstan is ready to welcome its old partners again and look for new opportunities to help people from key populations.

AFEW-Kyrgyzstan Uses the Experience of Foreign Colleagues

216 adolescents were registered for using psychoactive substances in 2017, according to the Narcology Center in Bishkek. Representatives of the police services in Bishkek stated that there is also a high possibility that 1,031 teenagers, who were registered for committing different offences in 2018, had an experience of using psychoactive substances or are at a high risk of starting to do so. However, this data does not show the real situation. In Kyrgyzstan, there are still no complete official data on the exact number of adolescents who use psychoactive substances.

This is related to several factors. One of them is that the drug policy of the country is still strict and aimed to punish. Parents and children who face the problem of using psychoactive substances are afraid of getting help from medical specialists because the doctors will add teenager’s name to the special database. In the future, being in this database will not allow this teenager to be enrolled at the university or to get a high-paid job.

Another issue is that the country is lacking ways to support such adolescents. There is also a lack of a comprehensive program for the prevention of drug use among teenagers. The combination of all these factors does not allow the country’s specialists to work effectively with adolescents and to carry out preventive work.

Bridging the Gaps: health and rights of key populations (BtG) project, implemented by AFEW-Kyrgyzstan, intends to apply international experience to help adolescents who use psychoactive substances in Kyrgyzstan. BtG has regional exchange platforms, where specialists from EECA can share with each other their experience concerning harm reduction and rehabilitation issues. It helps the project to meet contemporary challenges. AFEW-Kyrgyzstan is aiming at creating a multifunctional mechanism that will help adolescents who use psychoactive substances and a professional system for preventive teenagers from using it.

The protocol is approved by the Ministry of Health

The clinical protocol ‘Mental and behavioural disorders due to the usage of new psychoactive substances among children and adolescents’ was developed with the support of AFEW-Kyrgyzstan and approved by the Ministry of Health in 2017. Professional narcologists and members of the community of people who use psychoactive drugs and other specialists developed the protocol.

“The developed clinical protocol gives the recommendations to emergency medical doctors, toxicologists, family doctors, resuscitators, psychiatrists and narcologists,” says Elmira Kaliyeva, a participant of the working group that developed the protocol.

Having developed the protocol, AFEW-Kyrgyzstan began trainings for narcologists, doctors of family medicine centres, teachers of the Kyrgyz State Medical Institute for post graduates and juvenile inspectors in Bishkek and Osh.

Working for the future

The representatives of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) got interested in the protocol too and the BtG work and approached AFEW-Kyrgyzstan with a proposal to teach doctors in remote areas of Bishkek to work with this protocol. The proposal of UNICEF gave the opportunity to expand the circle of specialists familiar with the protocol. In addition, this cooperation will allow AFEW-Kyrgyzstan to be confident that all the work done in the framework of the BtG project will continue in the country for many years.

Waiting for the city hall’s help

Establishing cooperation with government partners to ensure stable and long-term support for adolescents who use drugs was the next task of the project. In June 2018, within BtG project, AFEW-Kyrgyzstan supported a round table organized by the city administration for the presentation of the Comprehensive City Program Prevention of Juvenile Offenses for 2018-2020.

Deputies promised to consider the proposed Comprehensive City Program which also includes recommendations that were listed in the developed clinical protocol. The adoption of the program will allow to create a cross-sectorial system of cooperation in the country, where the various departments can work together and redirect children who use psychoactive substances to help them as efficiently as possible.

Opening a centre for teenagers

The round table also became a platform for discussing the urgent need of opening a specialized centre to support children and adolescents who use psychoactive substances.

“We are in favour of building a modern centre that is capable of providing quality support to adolescents and is able to give parents verified and necessary information. This centre will become a model for working with adolescents from a key group as well as an educational and methodological centre for social pedagogues, juvenile inspectors and psychologists,” says Natalya Shumskaya, head of AFEW-Kyrgyzstan.

Taking into consideration that Kyrgyzstan’s culture is very traditional, there is a common misconception that people who use psychoactive substances are not good members of the society. This stigma leads to several issues. For example, teenagers are scared to talk with someone about the use of psychoactive substances. They are afraid of being expelled from the school or being suspected in crimes only due to their experience of using psychoactive substances.

“The center is also going to work on increasing the level of acceptance of psychoactive substances use among the society. This will lead to more effective support from the side of adults and to less risky behavior of adolescents as they got all proper information they need. It is the first step that can lead to final abstinence,” says Chinara Imankulova, manager of BtG project in AFEW-Kyrgyzstan.

AFEW-Kyrgyzstan specialists already developed a project of such centre. The centre will also work with those who have never used psychoactive substances and with children who are in high risk of starting using them. The prevention work will include helping teenagers to organize their leisure activity and to give them information that usage of psychoactive substances is not shameful, however it is important to ask yourself whether you are aware of the risks and if you really want to do so, to find solid information and to ask for help of professionals.

Creating the centre and the approval of the Comprehensive City Program will help thousands of teenagers to make healthy choices for a happy life.

Michel Kazatchkine: “Failure to Interact with Vulnerabilities Could Lead to an Increase in the Epidemic”

The Chair of AFEW International’s Board Michel Kazatchkine and director of the organisation Anke van Dam during the 22nd International AIDS Conference. Photo: AFEW International

The inaugural World AIDS day was held on December 1st, 1988. The epidemic was raging across Western Europe and the United States. The world was only starting to realize the existence and the magnitude of the African epidemic. HIV was virtually absent from the Russian Federation. There was no treatment for HIV infection. AIDS was a death sentence, as we, physicians, were painfully witnessing every day in hospital wards.

30 years later, while no country has been spared of HIV, we cannot overestimate the progress that has been made. Extraordinary progress in science, research, and development, that has successfully translated into large-scale prevention and treatment programs in almost all settings, globally.

21 million people are now accessing antiretroviral treatment across the world. Life expectancy of an HIV-positive person on treatment is now similar to that of HIV-negative people. And we now know that an HIV-positive person whose virus has been suppressed with treatment will no more transmit the virus to a sexual partner, meaning that antiretroviral treatment also contributes to prevention of HIV transmission and to limiting the epidemic at the population level. In the last 10 years, the number of new HIV infections and AIDS-related mortality decreased by close to 40% globally. The hope generated by the progress has led the United Nations to commit to the goal of eliminating HIV by 2030.

Yet, an objective analysis of the situation today shows that the world is off track in achieving this target. The Russian Federation and, more broadly, the Eastern European and Central Asian region, are of particular concern.

Eastern Europe in the last five years is the only region of the world where both the annual number of new cases of HIV infection and of AIDS-related deaths continues to grow. The number of new infections reported in the region increased by 30% between 2010 and 2016. Over a million people are now estimated to be living with HIV in the Russian Federation; one in five do not know their status. It is timely then, that the theme of this year’s World AIDS day is “Know your status.”

Breaking down the raw numbers reveals an unsettling scenario. 45% of the people who know their positive status are on treatment and 75% of these are virally suppressed.

This means that, at the end, only approximately 27% of the total estimated number of people living with HIV are virally suppressing their infection and that a large pool of people with HIV can potentially transmit the HIV infection. All this in a context where national prevention efforts are lagging behind and fragile at best.

The ministry of Health aims at increasing treatment coverage to reach 75% at the end of next year and rightly points out how important it is to urgently address some of the myths and misinformation that prevent people from accepting treatment.

The HIV epidemic in Russian Federation is largely an epidemic of so-called “key populations” and their sexual partners – people using drugs, men who have sex with men, sex workers, migrants, prisoners – often marginalized groups of the population for whom stigma, discrimination, and criminalization drive many of these people underground, away from outreach workers and so with limited access to prevention  and treatment services.

An effective response to the epidemic within the Russian Federation should, therefore, entail a focus on specific geographic areas and populations. It also means seizing many immediate opportunities to build onto the HIV platform, the “SPID centers”, to provide additional services, including diagnosis and, as much as possible, integrated treatment of tuberculosis and hepatitis, as well as prevention services including “pre-exposure prophylaxis” for men having sex with me and provision of clean needles and injection materials for people who inject drugs.

When and where this kind of efforts have been employed around the world we know the outcome: a decline in new infections, a decline in the pool of infectiousness and improved control of the epidemic in general by the authorities.

We also know that failure to engage with most vulnerable and at-risk groups of people can bring – a growing epidemic that becomes increasingly more difficult to reign in.

A recent modeling study has shown, for example, that without integration and scaling up of needle exchange programs and antiretroviral therapy, HIV prevalence would remain as high as 60% among people who inject drugs in Ekaterinburg. Scaling up of the interventions would – in contrast – significantly reduce that prevalence and deaths associated with HIV. If the interventions were to cover 50% of people in need and to also include opioid maintenance therapy with methadone, currently unavailable in the Russian Federation, over 30% of HIV infections and HIV-related deaths could be prevented in Ekaterinburg.

The science and the experience from many countries, particularly in Western Europe, tell us that these approaches can best be implemented in a working partnership with civil society, recognizing the additional and complementary strengths brought by community-led services. In Saint Petersburg, joint efforts of the AIDS center and civil society to bringing testing closer to people in need of it and linking people to care, have led to significant decrease in the number of new infections and increase in treatment coverage. Civil society groups, in this case, are supported by both Presidential and municipal grants.

We should be encouraged by the integrated approach formulated both in the National strategy adopted by the Russian Federation two years ago and in recent guidelines on the prevention of HIV among key affected populations. A clear progress can be noticed in some regions of the country with regards to the partnership with civil society and service provision.

The challenge for the country is to translate what is on paper and high-profile statements into concrete policies that simultaneously sustain appropriately funded programs and engage in the structural and legislative reforms needed to remove obstacles that still impede access to prevention and care. Without such an approach, HIV infection in Russia will continue to grow faster than the efforts to fight it.

Michel Kazatchkine is the Special Advisor to the Joint United Nations Program on AIDS (UNAIDS) in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Source: kommersant.ru

World AIDS Day 2018 – Message of Anke van Dam

World AIDS Day 2018: a message of AFEW International Executive Director Anke van Dam

1 December 2018

This year’s theme for World AIDS Day is encouraging people to know their HIV status. HIV testing is very much needed for expanding treatment. Treatment is so important as that makes that no HIV is detected in blood and therefore not transmissible to other people. In the region where AFEW International works – Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) – barriers to HIV testing still remain. Last year, among the 1.4 million people living with HIV in the region 73% were aware of their HIV status.

Stigma and discrimination are the obstacles that discourage people from taking an HIV test in the EECA countries. Access to confidential HIV testing in the region is still a concern. Many people only get tested after becoming ill and symptomatic. That is why we at AFEW are working on expanding the access to HIV testing. Partnering with the NGOs and CBOs in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, we ensure that people who use drugs, prisoners, sex workers, LGBT and young people have access to confidential HIV testing, and people living with HIV have access to good medical care and have great possibilities for a healthy future.

This year, the 22nd International AIDS Conference in Amsterdam AIDS 2018 reinforced our work. The focus on public health concerns as HIV, TB and viral hepatitis in the EECA region allowed us to present the challenges and the obstacles in policies, political and health care systems. With the relevant stakeholders in one spot, we had an excellent chance to facilitate the dialogue between communities, political leaders and donors for better access to treatment and for sustainable financial mechanisms.

We are continuing emphasizing on Eastern Europe and Central Asia and its public health concerns after AIDS 2018 Conference! AFEW addressed the needs for diagnostics and treatment for tuberculosis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia at a side event during the United Nations General Assembly high-level meeting on tuberculosis in New York in September and during the 49th Union World Conference on Lung Health in October in the Netherlands. Let us continue the dialogue about the healthy future for the EECA region and let the barriers to accessing HIV testing be removed.

Online Compendium of Good Practices for the Long-Term Health of People Living with HIV Launched

Professor Jeffrey Lazarus (on the right) of ISGlobal, Hospital Clínic at the University of Barcelona. His scientific work includes leading the HIV Outcomes: Beyond Viral Suppression, the European Hep-CORE and the Hepatitis Continuum of Care consensus studies

HIV Outcomes today, on 27 November, launches an Online Compendium of Good Practices for securing the long-term health and well-being of people living with HIV.

Although people with HIV can now anticipate near-normal life expectancy, there are unique needs that must be met if their quality of life is to match that of the general population. As life expectancy for people with HIV has increased, additional unmet requirements for good long-term health and well-being have emerged.

The launch event in the European Parliament today highlights the key findings underpinning the Compendium and emphasises what makes these good practices important to people with HIV. The Compendium represents the latest output from work of the HIV Outcomes collaboration, building on the group’s road-testing of its 2017 recommendations on the long-term health, well-being and chronic care of PLHIV in Italy and Sweden this year. Looking at ways to apply the recommendations in real-world settings has provided vital insights into how to ensure they are taken up more widely. The Compendium is a resource that will inspire and support key stakeholders across Europe to meet the specific care needs of people living with HIV for the long-term.

“We cannot afford to be complacent; improvements in life expectancy for people with HIV need to be matched with improved life quality,” said Nikos Dedes, Chair of the European AIDS Treatment Group and Co-Chair of the HIV Outcomes Steering Group. “We know, from the preliminary work in Sweden and Italy, that these recommendations have the capacity to make a real difference. We need to do whatever is necessary to implement these recommendations and make sure that people with HIV in every country can benefit from this knowledge.”

During the event, co-hosted by Members of the Parliament (MEPs) Christofer Fjellner (EPP, Sweden), Karin Kadenbach (S&D, Austria) and Frédérique Ries (ALDE, Belgium), speakers will stress that the needs of people living with HIV go far beyond suppression of HIV. In a joint statement, the three MEPs from across the political spectrum said: “This is a timely reminder that there is more to life with HIV than viral suppression; proper quality of life is equally important. Now that we know what is needed, it is our duty as policymakers to press for changes to secure the long-term health of people living with HIV.” Given the upcoming European elections, the support of such a wide range of MEPs will be essential to keep the needs of people with HIV on the political radar.

During 2018, HIV Outcomes ensured that the recommendations launched last year have been fully tested and are implementable. Having identified the barriers to be overcome, in 2019 the initiative will focus on implementing the relevant recommendations in Italy and Sweden and will work to broaden the roll out of the recommendations across Europe.

For those diagnosed and treated early, HIV is now a long-term, rather than a fatal, condition. HIV Outcomes’ recommendations have been designed to address the needs generated by today’s increased life expectancy, looking to improve health outcomes and quality of life of people with HIV. The launch of the Compendium comes during European Testing Week and just ahead of World AIDS Day on 1 December.

The HIV Outcomes policy recommendations

  1. Adopt an integrated, outcomes-focused, and patient-centred approach to long-term care
  2. Expand national monitoring of long-term care and outcomes
  3. Fund studies to provide information on the long-term health of people living with HIV
  4. Combat stigma and discrimination within health systems.
  5. Upscale involvement of the HIV community in priority setting at country level

Source: www.hivoutcomes.eu / @hivoutcomes

The Advisory Board to the Emergency Support Fund for Key Populations Starts to Function

The Advisory Board to the Emergency Support Fund for Key Populations in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) starts to function. The Fund will support Eastern European and Central Asian registered and non-registered NGOs and CBOs that represent key populations and that are surviving in difficult situations which they face due to legal barriers for key populations, stigma and discrimination, financial and social challenges and political restrictions. The activities of the Fund are implemented by AFEW International and AIDSFonds and financed by the Elton John AIDS Foundation.

The Advisory Board will ensure genuine connection to the situation in the EECA and give a guidance provision on the economic, political and epidemiological developments in the countries of the region. The Board advises the operational team of the Emergency Fund on strategic development of the Emergency Support Fund. The funding decisions will be made by the operational team.

The Advisory Board consists of eight members of the EECA region (see the table below) representing expertise in the programming and advocacy for all key populations: people living with HIV, people using drugs, young people, LGBTQ and MSM, and sex-workers.

The Advisory Board will meet once a year in person. Regular conference calls will take place every three months to revise the progress, exchange updates on the situations in the countries of EECA and adjust the Emergency Grant Fund conditions if necessary, as part of the learning process.

The first meeting of the Advisory Board will take place on 26 November 2018 in Amsterdam. During this meeting, the members of the Board will profoundly review the Emergency Fund documentation and call for proposals, eligibility criteria, evaluation process and criteria, and look at the set of relevant emergency situations. They will also share the latest updates from the EECA region and agree on one-year planning for the Board.

Name
Organisation
Position
Vladimir Mayanovsky
ECUO/Eastern Europe
and CentralAsian
 network of PLWHIV
Member of the management board
Ilya Lapin
CCM of the GF grant in Russian Federation) http://rusaids.net/ru/
PLWHIV representative with the voting power
Grigory Vergus
International Treatment
preparedness
Coalition in EECA, ITPCru
Regional Coordinator
Vitaly Djuma
Eurasian Coalition on Male Health (ECOM)
Executive Director
Igor Gordon
Eurasian Harm Reduction Association EHRA
Programs team lead
Svitlana Moroz
Eurasian Women’s Network on AIDS
Head of the Board
Nurali Amanzholov
Association of legal entities Central Asian Association of People Living with HIV
CEO
Yana Panfilova
Adolescent’s network
Teenergizer
CEO & Founder

 

Under 16 and Above: Protecting the Rights of Adolescents and Preventing HIV

Author: Yana Kazmirenko, Ukraine

Shortage of HIV prevention programmes for young people was one of the key topics discussed at the 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018). At the conference, AFEW-Ukraine presented its best practices in HIV response among young people. Since 2012, it has been supporting the initiatives aimed at most-at-risk adolescents within the Bridging the Gaps: Health and Rights for Key Populations project funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Gaps analysis

Over the course of project implementation, social welfare centres for adolescents who use psychoactive substances were established in Kharkiv, Poltava, Kropyvnytskyi and Chernivtsi and a rehabilitation day care centre for such young people was opened in Chernivtsi. In 2017 only, over 12 hundred adolescents received 21,290 services in those four cities.

Olena Voskresenska, Director of AFEW-Ukraine, recalls that when the project just started, a gap analysis was conducted. It turned out that there were a lot of programmes for adults who use drugs, while few donors were supporting similar activities for adolescents. It was considered that this population does not make a considerable contribution to the HIV epidemic. Thus, both most-at-risk adolescents and generally schoolchildren and students of vocational training centres remained out of focus.

“Of all the countries involved in Bridging the Gaps project, Ukraine is unique in terms of the activities implemented for under-age drug users. We work with non-injecting drug users trying to prevent them from switching to injecting drugs,” says Olena.

Children do not use drugs

One of the main achievements of AFEW-Ukraine is developing a tool to monitor the violations of human rights of most-at-risk adolescents. Questionnaires are used to collect data on adolescents’ rights violations, providing urgent response and legal support. Iryna Nerubaieva, AFEW-Ukraine Project Manager, thinks that in the Ukrainian society there is a strong belief: children cannot use drugs and they do not use them.

“This community is invisible and unheard. Most often, adolescents do not know about their rights, do not know that they have any rights or how these rights are to be protected,” says Iryna.

Adolescents – mostly high schoolers and students of vocational training centres – are brought to the community centres by their friends. Often they are referred by social welfare institutions, departments of juvenile services and even police.

Currently, AFEW-Ukraine works in four cities of Ukraine: Kharkiv, Chernivtsi, Kropyvnytskyi and Poltava. Besides, thanks to the cooperation with Alliance for Public Health, since 2017 the activities for adolescents, including monitoring of human rights violations, have been conducted in five more cities of Ukraine.

Testing as a prevention tool

At the conference, Yevheniia Kuvshynova, Executive Director of Convictus Ukraine, implementing partner of AFEW-Ukraine and Alliance for Public Health, told about the Voice of Adolescents project, which covers 717 adolescents.

The Underage, Overlooked: Improving Access to Integrated HIV Services for Adolescents Most at Risk in Ukraine project is aimed at teenagers who use drugs and live in small towns and villages in seven regions of Ukraine. Adolescents from Kyiv attend the Street Power youth club. In this club, teenagers who use psychoactive substances and practice risky injecting and sexual behaviours can watch films, play computer games and receive social support.

According to Yevheniia, most of them use non-injecting drugs and HIV testing for them is rather a prevention tool. So far, no HIV cases have been detected. Adolescents are tested for hepatitis C and B as well as sexually transmitted infections.

For many years, Convictus has been working with adults who inject drugs providing services to 11 thousand people. Working with adolescents is different: they are tested only starting from 14 years of age, with a social worker and a doctor involved.

“One of our priorities is building a network and a map of services, so that adolescents could go to any organization of the network and receive services from our partners. If a person coming to us needs more in-depth support, we provide such support and also help him or her with clothes as we maintain a clothing bank,” tells Yevheniia.

Convictus is planning to develop a School of Leadership and a sexual health programme for girls, which are to close more gaps in the system of HIV prevention among most-at-risk adolescents in Ukraine.

HIV on AIDS 2018: Global Extent, Impact and the Way Forward

The issues of stigma, discrimination and human rights violations were broadly discussed during the AIDS 2018 conference which was held in Amsterdam, Netherlands in July 2018. The conference sessions explored the political, economic and sociological manifestations of HIV related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations on the global level articulated by the civil society.

Global Network of People living with HIV presented their report on HIV stigma and discrimination in the world of work which included findings from people living with HIV (PLHIV) stigma index. The report was written based on the information provided by 13 country teams who implemented the PLHIV Stigma Index.

Stigma index as a tool

Addressing stigma-affected people living with HIV is a global priority. Stigma, defined as “the co‐occurrence of labeling, stereotyping, separation, status loss, and discrimination in a context in which power is exercised,” has a negative impact on the health of PLHIV and contributes to the psychosocial stress, coercion and violence, job loss, and social exclusion. PLHIV, gay men and other men who have sex with other men (MSM), transgender individuals, sex workers, and people who use drugs (PWUD) – often referred to as key populations – are at the intersection of HIV‐related stigma and prejudice against their identities, occupations or behaviors that are often exacerbating their experiences of stigma and discrimination.

The PLHIV stigma index provides the evidence on stigma and discrimination that has been essential for informing HIV policy, PLHIV rights advocacy efforts, and stigma‐reduction interventions.  Stigma index is a research tool by which PLHIV capture data on their experiences of stigma and discrimination. As of November 2017, more than 100,000 PLHIV had been interviewed in over 50 languages by 2 000 trained PLHIV interviewers.

Stigma is complex

Stigma and discrimination remain a significant HIV risk factor for the key populations all over the world and mostly for people living with HIV as stigma directly and negatively affects health outcomes. At the International AIDS 2018 Conference, the participants reviewed new developments in the effort to combat stigma and discrimination, report results from researches and analyses of interventions and effective anti-stigma programs. The implications of the studies were discussed as they relate to the development of ongoing efforts to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination around the globe.

The construction of stigma is complex. Therefore, anti-stigma interventions must take this into account. Stefan Baral, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, presented a cross-country analysis of intersectional stigma among MSM, including perceived stigma, enacted stigma, and anticipated stigma related to family, community, and the health system.

As national AIDS programs and the international community grow efforts to implement plans for the universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, participants of the AIDS response should work together to overcome the main obstacles to achieving this goal.

MSM with depression have higher risk of stigma

Expressions of stigma in this analysis included a broad range of behaviors, such as family exclusion, rejection by friends, family gossip, verbal harassment, being afraid in public, being afraid to seek care, avoiding seeking care, poor treatment by health care workers, health care worker gossip, police not providing protection, blackmail, and even physical harm. Harassment and gossip were noted as important forms of enacted stigma that must be addressed, and intersecting identities were found to raise the risk of experiencing high stigma. MSM with depression, for example, had a higher risk of being stigmatized. These intersecting identities represent a critical target for all types of stigma reduction, particularly anticipated health care stigma.

In many countries and communities, HIV stigma and subsequent discrimination can lead to the same devastating effects as the disease itself: a break with a spouse and/or family, social ostracism, loss of work and property, exclusion from school, denial of medical services, lack of care, support, and violence. These consequences or the fear of them mean that people will not be very willing to be tested for HIV, disclose their HIV status to others, or seek treatment, care and support.

Students will Attend the Annual Conference with a Discount

The annual STD x HIV x Sex Congress organized by AIDSfonds in the Beurs van Berlage in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, this year will take place on 23 November. AFEW International gladly offers students the chance to attend the Congress for 15 euros, which is a fraction of the regular ticket price. We invite you to take part in the congress if you are a student interested in issues related to HIV/AIDS and sexual and reproductive health and rights.

About 500 professionals from various institutions such as Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Amsterdam Municipal Health Service, Public Health Ministry, national and international NGOs and research institutions take part in the Congress in Amsterdam. These professionals are committed to ending AIDS and decreasing STD infections. The Congress is also a place to learn about community-based development and new research findings and technologies. Congress tickets can be bought between 11 October and 16 November online.

The student discount is made possible by AFEW International. AFEW is a network of civil society organisations working in the Eastern European and Central Asian (EECA) region. With AFEW International’s secretariat based in Amsterdam and country-offices in Kazakhstan, Kyrgzystan, Tajikistan and Ukraine, AFEW strives to promote health and increased access to prevention, treatment and care for public health concerns such as HIV, TB, viral hepatitis and sexual reproductive health and rights. At the STD x HIV x Sex Congress, AFEW is hosting an art expo and a workshop that brings students and professionals together to discuss the future of the work field.

Chemsex and Drug Use Among MSM in Kyiv: New Challenges

Analytical community-based participatory research report based on the results of the study “Chemsex and drug use among MSM in Kyiv: new challenges”, 2017.

According to a bio-behavioral research conducted in Ukraine every two years with the support from the ICF “Alliance for Public Health”, men who have sex with men, is a group where the prevalence of HIV continues to grow. Thus, in Kyiv at the end of 2015 – the beginning of 2016, the prevalence of HIV among MSM was 15%.

According to the observations of social workers of the PO “ALLIANCE.GLOBAL”, that carries out outreach work through gay dating mobile applications, Internet web-sites, where sex workers’ ads are published, gay clubs and saunas in Kyiv, in recent years, the number of MSM who use different chemical substances in a non-injecting way (amphetamines, ecstasy, LSD, oxybutyrate, etc.) has significantly increased, which suggests that their sexual behavior becomes riskier and significantly increases the likelihood of HIV infection, viral hepatitis, and other STIs, both in terms of getting infection as well as transmitting the infection. To assess the drug scene, the risks of using chemical substances and the possible negative effects of sex under their influence in the context of the spread of HIV, viral hepatitis and other STIs, we conducted this study, the aim of which was to develop recommendations for more effective prevention of HIV infection, drug-related harm reduction and other related means and planning of specific services for subgroups of MSM who practice sex under the influence of chemical substances.

The purpose of the research is to study how the use of drugs, psychotropic substances and / or certain medications affects sexual behavior and mental health of MSM and how to minimize the risk of transmitting infections, in particular, HIV.

Read the report here.