AFEW International Releases Report on Its Activities for AIDS 2018 Conference

AFEW Network (AFEW)  has a long history of working to link the “east” with the “west” so when the decision was made to hold the 22nd International AIDS conference (AIDS 2018) in Amsterdam, the city that is home to AFEW International, the secretariat of AFEW Network, it was clear that AFEW could have an important role in leveraging the conference to bring global attention to the crisis situation in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA). Starting from 2016, with the support of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), various strategies (fostering linking, learning and dialogue; developing creative solutions to unresolved challenges; influencing leaders, policymakers and donors; addressing stigma, discrimination and criminalization of people affected by HIV) were undertaken as to empower communities from the EECA to take part in AIDS 2018.

Leading up to and during AIDS 2018, AFEW International engaged in a range of activities to promote EECA at the conference and to promote the conference in EECA. An independent evaluator examined the impact of the implemented activities and factors that contributed to the successes and analyzed the challenges. In the report, you can read what were the key activities and lesson learned.

The short version of the report can be read here.

The full version of the report can be read here.

IT’S TIME to End Tuberculosis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

This year’s International TB Day’s theme is “IT’S TIME”

Authors: Helena Arntz, Olesya Kravchuk, AFEW International

24th of March marks World Tuberculosis day. The mortality rate of tuberculosis (TB) continues to decrease, but it is still one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), TB caused 1.7 million deaths in 2017. Within the European region, most new TB cases and deaths are found in the Eastern European and Central Asian (EECA) countries. In this region, we face an increasing number of drug-resistant TB cases which becomes a real concern for patients and public health.

Countries in the Eastern part of the WHO European Region are most affected by the TB epidemic: 18 high-priority countries for TB control bear 85% of the TB burden, and 99% of the multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) burden. These countries are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Despite much progress in Eastern Europe, critical challenges remain as regards access to appropriate treatment regimens, patient hospitalisation, scale-up of laboratory capacity, including the use of rapid diagnostics and second-line Drug Susceptibility Testing (DST), vulnerable populations human resources, and financing.

AFEW Network is helping to eliminate tuberculosis in EECA. AFEW Kazakhstan together with KNCV in the Improved TB/HIV prevention & care – building models for the future project is increasing access to TB treatment. A model for effective partnership between government and public sectors of health care and organisation of civil society that provide TB-HIV services in Almaty, Kazakhstan is being developed. Within the Fast-Track TB/HIV Responses for Key Populations in EECA Cities project, AFEW Kazakhstan is piloting the innovative model of increasing the participation of the city administration in programs for the prevention and treatment of HIV infection and tuberculosis in the city of Almaty with particular emphasis on key populations. Within this program, models of sustainable city responses to HIV and TB in key population in EECA that significantly contribute to achieving 90-90-90 HIV/TB targets for key populations are being developed. The program is working in Bulgaria (Sofia), Georgia (Tbilisi), Kazakhstan (Almaty), Moldova (Balti), Ukraine (Odesa).

This year’s International TB Day’s theme is “IT’S TIME”. This slogan is indicating that it is time to end tuberculosis. There is a number of events that will draw attention to this day in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The youth community center “Compass” in Kharkiv, Ukraine will hold a training session on the prevention of TB in one of the schools they work in. Local NGOs in Kazakhstan have been providing tuberculosis screening in the shopping malls and markets before World TB Day and were raising awareness of the disease within the students and migrants.